Quang Binh Overview

Quang Binh province located in North Central Coast, Vietnam, with natural area of 8.065 km2 . The population is 857.818 people in 2008.

Geographical location: geographical coordinates in the mainland are:

• North pole: 180 05’12” north latitude
•  South pole: 170 05′ 02″ north latitude
•  Easternmost pole: 1060 59’37” east longitude
•  Westernmost pole: 1050 36’55” east longitude

The province has a coastline of 116.04 km in the east and shares borders with Laos of 201.87 km in the west, there are Hon La, Highway No.1A and Ho Chi Minh Trail, North-South railway, highway No.12 and provincial highway No.20 and No.16 running from east to west through the International Cha Lo Border Gate and other sub-gates connected to Laos.
Topography: The terrain of Quang Binh narrow and sloping from west to east. 85% of total natural area is mountainous. The whole area is divided into basic ecological zones: high mountainous area, hilly and midland, lowland, coastal sandy areas.

Climate: Quang Binh is located in the tropical monsoon and always be affected by the climate of the north and south and is divided into two distinct seasons:

+ Rainy season from September to March of the next year. The average annual rainfall of 2000 – 2.300mm/year. The raining seasons mostly happen in September, October and November.

+ Dry season from April to August with average temperature 24 ° C – 25 o C. Three months has the highest temperature are June, July and August.

Land resources: Land resources are divided into two main systems: Alluvial plain and the ferralitic soil hills and mountains with 15 categories and groups are as follows: sandy group, alluvial soil group, red and yellow soil group. In which more than 80% of natural area are yellow and red soil mainly in mountainous terrain west, 5,9% are sand and alluvial soil that occupied 2,8% of the area.

Resource of animal or plant: Quang Binh is located in the area of biodiversity in North Truong Son areas where the flora and fauna diversity and originality to many rare genes. Specific to biodiversity in Quang Binh is the Phong Nha – Ke Bang Karst region.

Fauna: 493 species, 67 mammals, 48 reptiles, 297 birds, 61 species of fish etc. Many rare species such as Ha Tinh Langur, Bear, Tiger, Sao La, Mang Lon, as White-tailed pheasants, Black crested blue pheasant, Pheasant…

Flora: with 486,688 hectares of forest area, in which 447,837 ha of natural forests, 38.851ha  of planted forests, including 17,397 hectares of pine forests, and 146,386 hectares of bare land. Plant species  in Quang Binh is very diversify: they are 138 families, 401 genera, 640 different species. Forest in Quang Binh has many precious woods like ironwood, mahogany, ebony, and various kinds of rattan, forest products and other precious timber products. Quang Binh is one of the provinces that has a big reserve of wood in the country. Currently wood reserve is 31million m3.

Marine and coastal resources: Quang Binh has a coastline of 116.04 km with five estuaries, including two large estuaries, the ports are Nhat Le, Gianh, Hon La. Hon La bay with surface area of 4 km2, 15 meters of depth, it is surrounded and shielded with islands: Hon La, Hon Co, Hon Chua. This bay is capable to receive ships from 3 to 5 tons to the port without dredging.

Land area is quite large (over 400 hectares), that is convenient for building industrial zones associated with deep-water port.

The coastline has many beautiful landscapes, along with the continental shelf almost 2.6 times of the land area of Quang Binh that create a large fishery with approximately 10 thousand tons of reserves and species richness (1650 species), including rare types such as lobster, shrimp, squid, cuttlefish, reef. In the Northern of Quang Binh white coral beach with area of dozens of hectares, which is a source of precious raw materials for production of fine art and creates ecological zones of the reef. That allowed the economy to develop integrated coastal zone.

Water surface for aquaculture: having 5 estuaries, Quang Binh has a surface area capable of large aquaculture. The total area is of 15,000 hectares. Salinity from the estuary to about 10-15km depth range from 8-30% o and pH from 6.5 to 8 is a very condition for growing shrimp and crab for export. Half-day coastal tide mode facilitates the drainage pond for shrimp and crab growing.

Water resources: Quang Binh has a large system of river and stream density from 0.8 to 1.1 km /km2. There are five main rivers: Roon, Gianh, Ly Hoa, Dinh and Nhat Le. There are about 160 natural and man-made lakes with a capacity estimated at 243.3 million m3.

Mineral resources: Quang Binh has various kinds of minerals such as gold, iron, titanium, pyrites, lead, zinc … and some non-metallic minerals such as kaolin, quartz sand, limestone, marble, granite etc,. In particular, limestone and kaolin with large reserves, sufficient conditions for the development of cement and construction materials for large scale. There is a hot mineral springs at 105oC. The reserve of gold in Quang Binh given the capability to develop and manufacture gold mining industry.
Population and labor: The population of Quang Binh is 857,818 people in 2008. Most local residents are Kinh people. Ethnic minorities are two main groups of Chut and Van Kieu Brunei include the main ethnic groups: Khua, Ma Lieng, Ruc, Sach, Van Kieu, May, Arem, etc living concentratively in two mountainous districts of Tuyen Hoa and Minh Hoa and some western communes of Bo Trach, Quang Ninh, Le Thuy. Population is not evenly distributed, 85.5% live in rural areas and 14.5% live in urban areas.

Quang Binh has abundant labor resources with 433,618 people, representing approximately 52.26% of the population. On labor quality, according to census time dated 04/01/1999: 10,720 people qualified from college or higher, including 4676 colleges and 6042 universities or post universities. The labor force has been trained nearly 33,000 people, accounting for 8% of employees.

Culture and tourism potentials: Quang Binh as a strip of mural photo, forest, sea with beautiful natural scenery, famous attractions: Deo Ngang, Ly Hoa Gateway, Nhat Le Estuary, Hac Hai, Heaven Gate, and Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park that was recognized as a World Heritage.

Quang Binh is the land of cultural objects, the Bau Tro cultural sites, the sites of the culture of Hoa Binh and Dong Son, many historical sites such as: Quang Binh Gateway, Thay Rampart, Rao Sen, Ngo Citadel, Thinh – Nguyen citadels, much renowned places in two wars of aggression against invaders such as Cu Nam, Canh Duong, Cha Lo, Heaven Gate, Xuan Son, Long Dai, Ho Chi Minh Trail, etc.

In the course of history, has formed many famous cultural villages and begin proceedings from generation to generation like “Bat danh huong”: “Son-Ha-Canh-Tho-Van-Vo-Co-Kim”. Many famous celebrity predecessors in the past and present in many areas of military, cultural – social as Duong Van An, Nguyen Huu Canh, Nguyen Ham Ninh, Hoang Ke Viem, Vo Nguyen Giap, etc.

Source: quangbinhtourism

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